Every child and adolescent undergoes TB screening upon arrival to Baylor- Tanzania clinics, and all HIV + children and adolescents are offered six months of TB prophylaxis medicine. TB is also prevented through strong infection control efforts in schools and communities, such as the tracing and testing of contacts of those with a smear-positive TB case. Clinicians working at Baylor-Tanzania treat children and adolescents infected with TB, including those with drug resistant TB.